£70 million granted to theatres Howard Lake | 9 March 2001 | News AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. 15 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis English threatres are to receive a major funding boost from the Arts Council to the tune of £70m spread over three years.English threatres are to receive a major funding boost from the Arts Council to the tune of £70m spread over three years. The funding, which will start in Spring 2002, will benefit over 190 theatres and touring companies.Read Theatres get biggest ever cash injection by Fiachra Gibbons at GuardianUnlimited. Advertisement
By Dialogo October 14, 2011 The largest federal interagency exercise for personnel rescue and recovery began at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona, and continues through October 21 with joint, coalition, interagency and international participants, and focuses on saving lives. Colombia is also taking part. Chile, El Salvador, Peru, and Uruguay, among other countries, are observing the exercise this year. Brett Hartnett, a former Air Force combat rescue helicopter pilot who founded and manages the exercise, attributed its continued success to networking, partnerships and the “whole of government” approach to saving lives. Hartnett noted the value of close, regular exercises with countries such as Colombia, which returned this year for its fourth Angel Thunder. “We know they’re good, we know who to contact, and we’re used to working with them,” he said. The annual Angel Thunder exercise, sponsored by the Air Force’s Air Combat Command, is using an earthquake scenario to prepare participants for rescue and recovery missions, officials said. This year’s exercise involves 1,400 people from U.S. Southern Command, U.S. Africa Command and the Joint Personnel Recovery Agency, officials said. Also taking part are key U.S. agencies such as the State Department, Coast Guard, Customs and Border Protection, Drug Enforcement Agency, and U.S. Agency for International Development. Local participants in the network also contribute to the exercise’s success, Hartnett said. This year, two hospitals, three sheriff’s offices, a fire department and three universities are participating. The goal of Angel Thunder is simple: “The mission comes down to saving lives,” Hartnett said.
In the Moderna animal study, three groups of eight rhesus macaques received either a placebo or the vaccine at two different dose levels — 10 micrograms and 100 micrograms.All vaccinated macaques produced high levels of neutralizing antibodies that attack a part of the SARS-CoV-2 virus used to invade cells.Notably, monkeys receiving both dose levels produced these antibodies at levels higher than those found in humans who have recovered from COVID-19.The authors reported that the vaccine also induced the production of a different immune cell known as T-cells that may have helped boost the overall response. Topics : US biotech firm Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine induced a robust immune response and prevented the coronavirus from replicating in the noses and lungs of monkeys, a study in the New England Journal of Medicine said Tuesday.The fact that the vaccine prevented the virus from replicating in the nose is seen as particularly crucial in preventing it from being transmitted onward to others. The same outcome did not occur when the University of Oxford’s vaccine was tested on monkeys, though that vaccine did prevent the virus from entering the animals’ lungs and making them very sick. A major area of concern is that vaccines under development could actually backfire by amplifying rather than suppressing the disease.So-called vaccine-associated enhancement of respiratory disease (VAERD) has been linked to the production of a specific type of T-cell known as Th2 — but these cells were not produced during the experiment, suggesting this vaccine won’t backfire.Four weeks after the monkeys received their second injection, they were exposed to the SARS-CoV-2 virus, both through the nose and directly to the lungs via a tube.After two days, no replicating virus was detected in the lungs of seven of the eight macaques in both the low and high dose groups.By contrast, all eight in the placebo group continued to have the virus present.None of the eight macaques in the high dose groups had detectable levels of virus in their noses two days after exposure. “This is the first time an experimental COVID-19 vaccine tested in nonhuman primates has been shown to produce such rapid viral control in the upper airway,” said the National Institutes for Health, which co-developed the vaccine.A COVID-19 vaccine capable of stopping the virus in the lungs will prevent the disease from becoming severe, while stopping the virus from replicating in the nose would lessen transmission.The Moderna vaccine uses genetic material in the form of viral RNA to encode the information needed to grow the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein inside the human body to trigger an immune response.Spike proteins give coronaviruses their crown-like appearance and are used to invade human cells, but by themselves are thought to be relatively harmless.The advantage of this technology is that it bypasses the need to manufacture viral proteins in the lab, helping to ramp up mass production.Both Moderna’s vaccine and the vaccine co-developed by the University of Oxford and AstraZeneca have entered late-stage human trials.
The Steelers (9-3) put together one of its best overall games of the season and possibly its best offensive half to defeat their arch rival Cincinnati Bengals (7-5) 35-7 to stay on top of the AFC North and keep pace with the Houston Texans, New England Patriots, and Baltimore Ravens with the best record in the AFC. This will be a short week for the Steelers, as they must take on division rival Cleveland Browns on Thursday night. Cleveland is the only team in the AFC North not battling for a playoff berth as they fell to 4-8 after losing to the Ravens last week 24-10. The defense once again showed why they are one of the two best in the NFL, as they forced turnovers by the Bengals and took advantage of them all. They stopped the running game making Cedric Benson a non factor, which put more pressure on rookie quarterback Andy Dalton and his crew of young receivers to make plays. But the defense responded by holding him in check as well. However the Steelers offense stole the show with a performance as good as it was bad last week versus the Kansas City Chiefs, putting 35 points on the board, 28 in the second quarter, their best performance since the 38-17 victory over the Tennessee Titans.They were impressive in every phase of the game. Rashard Mendenhall had 60 yards on 16 carries and 2 touchdowns, while Isaac Redman gave them the tough hard fought yardage with 51 yards on 8 carries. This kept the defense honest and confused as Ben Roethlisberger probably had his best game, even though his numbers weren’t as impressive. He was 15 of 23 for 176 yards and three touchdowns. The difference was the team’s effectiveness in the red zone; scoring all four times they got there, with Mike Wallace joining Mendenhall in the fun with two also on just 3 catches for 38 yards. Antonio Brown not only had a good game as a receiver with 2 catches for 67 yards but scored his first touchdown as a punt returner as he jetted past Bengals defenders for a 60 yard touchdown that pretty much put the game away.“The guys made plays,” Pittsburgh coach Mike Tomlin said of his special teams. “We’ve gotten solid contributions from that group. They take a great deal of pride in what they do. They are a legitimate phase of our team, and we appreciate their efforts.”Thrust into the role of contender, the Bengals wilted in the spotlight, reverting back to the kind of mistakes they’ve avoided while rebuilding on the fly behind the tandem of Andy Dalton and A. J. Green. Cincinnati committed 10 penalties for 109 yards and offered little resistance to lose for the third time in four games.“They beat us in every area today—beat us on offense, beat us on defense, beat us in special teams,” Coach Marvin Lewis said after the game.Roethlisberger, who aggravated his injured thumb in practice during the week, overcame a slow start to lead the Steelers to their best scoring quarter in his career with 28 points. His final completion, a 9-yard toss to tight end David Johnson in the fourth quarter, was the 2,026th of his career, breaking Hall of Famer Terry Bradshaw’s club record.Mendenhall tied Steelers legend Franco Harris for the most rushing touchdowns in his first four years in franchise history with 28.Hines Ward became the 19th player in NFL history to eclipse 12,000 career yards while James Harrison joined Chad Brown and Mike Merriweather as the only players in team history to record at least two three-sack games in the same season. Ward needs just 10 catches to reach 1,000 for his career.“It was great to get the win in our place,” said Tomlin.It was a very necessary AFC North winning performance by our guys. I loved the energy of the group in all three phases.”Ray Rice rushed for a career-high 204 yards on 29 carries, breaking loose on a game-changing 67-yarder in the third quarter, and the Ravens kept pace with Pittsburgh atop the AFC North by pounding Cleveland. Cleveland lost for the fifth time in six games, and the banged-up Browns have just three days to prepare for the Steelers.The Steelers’ 8:20 p.m. game Thursday night will be shown on NFL Network and locally on KDKA. TIES FRANCO—Rashard Mendenhall (34) runs through the Bengals defense, Dec. 4. Mendenhall had 60 yards on 16 carries and 2 touchdowns tying Steelers legend Franco Harris for the most rushing touchdowns in his first four years with 28. (Courier Photo/Thomas Sabol)
Sandbags for a little extra weight and grip can purchased at Husky, 711, Taghum Shell, The Gas Bar, The Maple Leaf Store, Kaslo Building Supply, Forestry, Kokanee Marine and Kaslo Esso.This year is a special season for the Reps as Nelson plays host to the B.C. Hockey Peewee Rep Provincial Hockey Tournament in March.Teams from throughout the province will be in Nelson for the weeklong tourney.Mallard’s Source for sports applauds the Reps off-ice teamwork with Team of the Week honours.The team is pictured filling bag at the City of Nelson pit with head coach Jeff Hunt. It’s easy from the recent fall-like weather experienced in the region winter is but a distant memory.Which is why the Nelson Peewee Reps got together last month to fill a lot of sandbags to help motorists stay on the road during the expected winter weather — because winter will arrive as expected.
Mallard’s Source for sports would like to add to the Leafs success with Team of the Week honours.Leafs include back row, L-R, Carsen Willans, Blair Andrews, Austin Lindsay, Rayce Miller, Robson Cramer, Alec Wilkinson and Nolan Percival.Middle, stickboy Hayden Whitman, Austin Seaman, Aaron Dunlap,Troy Petrick, Adam Hodge, Patrick Croome, Kyle Clayton, Brandon Sookro, Rayce Miller, Nick Trefry and trainer Corey Niminken.Front, Brad Rebagliati, Travis Wellman, assistant coach Stathis Dimopoulos, Jamie Vlanich, head coach Frank Maida, Darnel St.Pierre, assistant coach Sean Dooley, Linden Horswill, goalie coach Bill McDonnell, Adam Maida and stickboy Aiden Osaka.Missing trainers Justin Willans, Derek Jackman and Shawn Badger. The Nelson Leafs gave Heritage City fans a taste of everything this Junior B season as the club played well into April for the first time in a few years.Fans attending Friday’s Cyclone Taylor Cup preliminary round contest between Nelson and KIJHL champion Beaver Valley Nitehawks said the battle was one of the best games the NDCC Arena has seen in years.
7 March 2008Global football authority Fifa has selected a joint venture between South African events companies Circa Hospitality and Warwick Hospitality and Events as the exclusive sales agent in South Africa and sub-Saharan Africa for official hospitality packages during the 2010 World Cup.“We are convinced that our sales and marketing alliances represent the best options to Match Hospitality in terms of their existing market knowledge and networks within the market of the host nation of the 2010 Fifa World Cup,” Match Hospitality CEO Pascal Portes said in Johannesburg on Wednesday.Match Hospitality has been appointed by Fifa to be responsible for accommodation, ticketing and computer and information technology solutions during the 2010 World Cup. Circa Hospitality forms part of the SAIL Group, while Warwick Hospitality and Events is part of the Primedia Group.Match has designed a variety of hospitality packages for local and international guests centred around the duration of the World Cup, which includes match tickets, exclusive hospitality services in stadiums, catering, parking, special access, entertainment, accommodation, transport and other tourism related activities.Hospitality package content has been divided into two sections: the On-site Hospitality Package includes match tickets coupled with catering, parking, special access, entertainment and guest services, while the Full Hospitality Package includes added accommodation, transportation and tourism activities.Hospitality categories have been divided into three and include Private Suites, Shared Suites and Executive Hospitality.Ensuring competitive pricingPortes said Match had tried to structure the packages in such a way to ensure prices were competitive, with the average price per person and per package across the spectrum of various packages offered being US$1 450 (about R11 645).Match has been allocated 3 000 hotel rooms for the duration of the event and will be working in close proximity with the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism to maximise tourism benefit for South Africa and neighbouring countries.Furthermore, the five hospitality series have been packaged to include the “Big Six” Series, Gauteng Series, Venue Series, Follow Your Team Series and Final Round Series.Price ranges for the various packages range from $1 750 per person for the “Big Six” Series, which covers 44 matches in total, to between $380 to $1 400 per person for the Venue Series.The most expensive package is the Final Round Series, pricing in at between $3 500 and $6 000 per person for between two to four matches.Tickets go on sale locally in June 2008, with South Africans being given a three-month period ahead of the international market in order to give priority to the host nation.Source: BuaNews
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest A study of how natural gas pipeline installations affect Ohio cropland productivity will begin this fall, funded by a $200,000 gift from Kinder Morgan, Inc. to The Ohio State University.The study, to be overseen by the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences, focuses on soil disturbance caused by statewide pipeline installations.Kinder Morgan’s gift allows the college to begin identifying and sampling soil from farmer fields this fall, said Steve Culman, soil fertility specialist with Ohio State University Extension and project leader.Over the course of three years, the college will survey and take samples from 50 fields statewide, predominantly in rural areas. Samples will be taken before and after pipeline installation.“Now we can move forward,” Culman said. “We’re very appreciative of the leadership that Kinder Morgan is providing here. This operation will affect a lot of acres, nationally and locally within the state of Ohio. A lot of landowners are being affected by this. They are genuinely interested in understanding it.”This study is of particular interest to Kinder Morgan, the Houston-based corporation which owns or operates 84,000 pipelines and is the largest energy infrastructure company in North America.“Kinder Morgan takes great pride in restoring agriculture properties to their full production yields following the construction of a pipeline,” said Allen Fore, Kinder Morgan’s vice president of public affairs. “We have a long history operating in Ohio and we continue to demonstrate a strong commitment to working collaboratively with landowners.“This study will examine the effectiveness of our best practices to determine what restoration alternatives, if any, our company and industry should follow.”In addition, the Ohio Farm Bureau Federation has offered to provide assistance to the project, Executive Vice President Jack Fisher said.“The study is important to Ohio farmers because of its review of the effects of pipeline construction on Ohio farmland productivity,” Fisher said.The donation counts toward the $2.5-billion But for Ohio State campaign, of which CFAES has a $150 million goal. One important portion of that campaign is a $38 million objective to Embolden the Research Agenda. The college has eclipsed that $38 million goal, having raised $64 million towards it.More information about this gift and others to the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences can be found at cfaes.osu.edu/development.Information about the pipeline and soils research can be found at go.osu.edu/pipelineresearch.
SharePrint RelatedVytah – GC3A6Y9 – GEOCACHE OF THE WEEK – August 20, 2012August 20, 2012In “Community”Privy (GC2Z6GB) — Geocache of the WeekOctober 1, 2015In “Geocache of the Week”Do you think this is a game? — Flappy Cache (GC507NW) — Geocache of the WeekMarch 24, 2014In “Community” Lizard City (GC3JNK1) | Traditional Cache | Difficulty 2.5 | Terrain 1If you are the type of geocacher to appreciate a clever cache container, Lizard City and several other caches by cache owner TiedyeSmileys will certainly put a smile on your face. 1234<> 123456789<> 123<> 1234567<> 1234<> Lane Cove (GC3E) | Virtual Cache | Difficulty 1.5 | Terrain 1.5The very short GC code might give it away for some: this is Australia’s very first geocache published May 18, 2000! It is located in beautiful Lane Cove National Park and where you can expect to come across lots of local wildlife. Since the cache is of the virtual kind, you’ll have to answer several questions about the cache’s location to claim a find. Astro La Vista, Baby! | (GCM4N8) | Multi-Cache | Difficulty 2 | Terrain 2This cache also offers excitement for the science fiction fan. You’ll will have to be fearless and venture into the dark, but it’s fun and safe enough for the whole family to find. Signal is heading to Australia this January with a brand new souvenir in tow to celebrate Australia Day. Everyone is invited to join the beach party by attending a geocaching event between January 26-28, 2018, wherever you are.For those of you who are actually making your way down under to visit Australia, or already call it home, we are sharing a few of Signal’s favorite geocaches!In Australia, you can find geocaches that provide amazing experiences, teach fascinating geological facts, bring you to places you never knew existed, and surprise you with creative cache containers.Here are Signal’s top 8:C Lions (GC12NHD) | Traditional Cache | Difficulty 2.5 | Terrain 3.5This cache is hidden on a beach near Seal Bay and is reached most easily during low tide. There is a good chance to not only find a hidden container, but also get a glimpse at some adorable seals and sea lions. Five Quay’s In A Row (GCKKTY) | Traditional Cache | Difficulty 2.5 | Terrain 1This urban cache leads you to a place with with picture ready views of Port Jackson featuring the iconic Sydney Harbour Bridge and Sydney Opera House. Don’t forget to bring your camera and prepare to go on a stealthy cache hunt with lots of muggles around*. 12345678<> 1234567<> T.A.R.D.I.S. (GC3JH1P) | Mystery Cache | Difficulty 3 | Terrain 3This highly favorited geocache was supposedly placed by the Doctor himself and promises a fun Doctor Who themed adventure. So bring your sonic screwdriver and don’t blink! Earthcache I – a simple geology tour of Wasp Head (GCHFT2) | EarthCache | Difficulty 1 | Terrain 1.5Continuing with firsts: this EarthCache is not only the first in Australia, but the first EarthCache on Earth! This cache is a truly coveted find for any geocaching historian, and brings you to an area of great geological significance. You can learn about worm burrows, split joints, drop stones, and find fossils in some layers of the rock. 123456<> Inspired to take a geocaching trip to Australia? If that’s not in the cards for you right now, make sure to attend a geocaching event between January 26-28, 2018 to earn a souvenir and pretend you are at a sunny Australian beach with your fellow geocaching friends. Find an event near you.*Muggle: A non geocacher. Based on “Muggle” from the Harry Potter series, which is a non-magical person.Share with your Friends:More Kiama Little Blowhole (GC1E1Y5) | EarthCache | Difficulty 2 | Terrain 2.5At this EarthCache location you can freshen up your knowledge around volcanic extrusions and experience the power of the ocean. Try not to get wet (unless you want to) and enjoy a special natural spectacle.
In the Canadian maritime province of Nova Scotia, a GBA reader named Janet is building a new weekend home whose heating system will include both a wood stove and radiant-floor heat powered by a ground-source heat pump. The two-level, 2,000-square-foot house will consist of a walkout basement with two bedrooms, a bathroom, and a laundry room, plus an upper floor with a kitchen and living room and another bedroom and bath. The house will be well insulated: R-20 under the slab, R-34 basement walls, R-24 second-floor walls, and R-60 in the attic. The first floor slab will be concrete, which Janet plans to heat with in-floor tubing. On the second floor, Janet will install a wood stove that she plans on using regularly when she’s there.RELATED ARTICLESAll About Radiant FloorsAre Affordable Ground-Source Heat Pumps On the Horizon?All About Wood Stoves “We are unsure of what other heat, if any, we need to install on this level,” Janet writes in a Q&A post. “How much heat can we expect on the 2nd floor from the 1st level in-floor heat?” Installing hydronic heat on the second floor — either in-floor tubing or baseboard radiators — seems like overkill because it won’t be used when the wood stove is running, she says. Would a few baseboard electric units do the trick? That’s the question for this Q&A Spotlight. Ground-source heat is expensive A ground-source heat pump (sometimes called a geothermal heating system) is the “most capital-intensive heating system imaginable,” Walter Ahlgrim tells Janet, and it will do little to make the second floor of the house comfortable. “How many hours a day will you spend in the basement enjoying the warm floors?” he asks. “Or is that money better spent upstairs where you would benefit from it every day?” Ahlgrim says that wood stoves and high-performance houses are rarely a good combination. That said, he adds, without a Manual J calculation to estimate heating and cooling loads, “everyone is just guessing how the system will work.” Peter Engle thinks that the radiant-floor system on the first floor will be enough to keep the second level from freezing, but it may seem a little chilly. “Even a very small wood stove may overheat the space,” Engle says. He also points to the high cost of a ground-source heat pump given the relatively small amount of heat Janet will need in a well-insulated building. The system will cost $20,000 Although Janet is still waiting for a final number, the preliminary quote for a ground-source heating system is C$20,000, which the installer says will pay for itself in between 5 and 7 years. The alternative is a wall-hung electric boiler. One reason that ground-source heat pumps are so expensive is that heat exchange tubing is typically installed in trenches or in wells, either one of which can add considerably to excavation costs. But in Janet’s case, the property will be dug up anyway for the driveway, septic system, and yard. That may help reduce the costs, but the system itself is flawed, writes Andrew C. “Knowing that one should never say ‘never,’ you should never put geothermal into a well-built house with reasonable air-sealing and insulation,” Andrew says. “It costs too much, requires one-off engineering design and installation, and likely (by all accounts) to significantly under-perform calculations. Other than one or two die-hard advocates, few that haunt the GBA website promote the use of geothermal. It can be done correctly, but it’s rare, and still more expensive.” Further, the concrete slab won’t feel warm under foot until the temperature rises to about 80°F, says Dick Russell. “The heat loss from the building will be very low (if it’s properly built), so with little way for the heat to escape, making the entire floor that warm would raise the room temperature to the upper 70s, which would feel stifling,” he says. “Modulating the water temperature to keep the floor in the low 70s won’t make the floor feel warm to bare feet, so why go to the expense of installing all that plumbing in the slab?” Windows could make an important contribution Robert Opaluch raises a new issue: the potential for solar gain through any south-facing windows on the first floor. “If your walkout level faces southward, the south side is longer than east and west sides, and you have more or larger windows facing south, and are not obstructed much by trees or other buildings, or some combination of these … your wintertime solar heat gains could be substantial,” Opaluch writes. “If facing north, very little solar heat gain.” Although windows and doors account for a small proportion of the building envelope, he adds, they often lose as much or more heat than the walls and ceiling. Argon-filled insulated glazing units, or the addition of a suspended-film Heat Mirror insulated unit, is usually a minor upcharge that can improve performance substantially, Opaluch says. “You didn’t mention it, but I hope you are budgeting for good quality windows,” he adds. The mini ductless option Russell installed a ground-source heat pump in his own home in New Hampshire, and has been satisfied with the results. He minimized installation expenses by using a well for the heat exchange, and distributes heat throughout his house with forced air rather than a hydronic tubing in the floor. Even so, Russell wonders whether Janet would be better off with air-source heat pumps instead of the arrangement she’s proposed. “Even with these circumstances, a couple of minisplit air-source heat pumps provide a low-cost and efficient way to heat a superinsulated house and ought to be considered,” he says. This is exactly the plan GBA Editor Martin Holladay would endorse. “There are three things wrong with your plan,” he writes. “One, you don’t want in-floor hydronic heat. Two, you don’t want a ground-source heat pump. Three, you don’t want a wood stove. “Except for that,” Holladay adds, “your plan is fine.” He suggests, as other GBA readers did, that air-source minisplit heat pumps — either ducted or ductless — would heat the house “at a cost that is thousands of dollars less than the equipment you describe, without any of the combustion-air problems associated with wood stoves.” Fine tuning the building envelope Janet plans on insulating the foundation walls with rigid foam, but makes no mention of adding a layer of rigid insulation to the outside of the second-floor walls. The “old school” builder will use housewrap and, Janet assumes, a rainscreen beneath the wood clapboard siding. “Housewrap is a good step,” Opaluch says. “I’d worry that an ‘old school’ builder may not pay attention to the many details that can result in a fairly leaky home.” He points to the importance of air-sealing details for windows and doors, mud sills, vents, attic openings, and other trouble spots. “Two more things to point out,” Yupster adds. “You said R-24 walls but didn’t mention any exterior board insulation to eliminate thermal bridging. Please be aware that if you are just installing R-24 fiberglass batts, which is very common in Canada, then the actual performance of R-24 insulation in framing 16 inches on-center is only R-15.” Don’t use the word “eliminate” when discussing the value of continuous insulation on the outside of framed walls, suggests Dana Dorsett. The proper word would be “mitigate.” That aside, insulating concrete forms might be a good alternative for basement walls. He says a number of ICF foundations can hit whole-wall values of R-34, including one from Logix. Our expert’s opinion Peter Yost, GBA’s technical director, had this to say: I decided to send Janet an email to find out a bit more about her project. She told me that building started this week, that they had an architect help them with the design, and that they do have a builder. Still, I’m afraid there are just too many unknowns here to guarantee the performance of Janet’s home will meet her expectations. How well any heating system services the first and second floor spaces in this home can’t be determined without a lot more information on building enclosure performance, particularly concerning airtightness. With air leakage comprising between 25% to 40% of total heat loss in any home in a cold climate, knowing more about air sealing details, air control layer continuity, and plans for blower door testing is a must. I found this document on the building code for Nova Scotia, indicating that there are three options for meeting the airtightness requirement, one prescriptive (“Clause a”) and two performance-based (“Clauses b and c”) under Section A-184.108.40.206 (1) “Controlling Air Leakage.” While I could not find a required building airtightness number, it sure seems as though Janet and her builder need to get a real handle on this issue. In terms of rainscreen claddings, I found this document on Nova Scotia building code requirements for vented air space behind all wall claddings. Just as in all Canadian coastal areas, you need a 10 mm (3/8-inch) ventilated rainscreen regardless of what type of cladding you use.