CRUNCH talks were underway last night to thrash out the details of an announcement on Anglo Irish bank, which could have far-reaching repercussions for the Irish economy.Ministers are expected to release details of the cost of winding up the stricken lender and plans to restructure the bank’s bond debt.The reaction of the markets to the announcement will be key to securing the financial stability of the Irish economy, which is struggling to contain the largest budget deficit in Europe.Dublin’s borrowing costs soared to fresh highs over fears the burden of saving its banks from the disastrous property bubble, in which Anglo is heavily implicated, will tip Ireland into financial meltdown.Ministers hope the markets will react positively and prevent the country from having to resort to a bailout from the IMF or the EU. Show Comments ▼ KCS-content by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStoryTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastNoteabley25 Funny Notes Written By StrangersNoteableyMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleMoneyPailSerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity TimesBrake For ItThe Most Worthless Cars Ever MadeBrake For ItBetterBe20 Stunning Female AthletesBetterBemoneycougar.comThis Proves The Osmonds Weren’t So Innocentmoneycougar.comautooverload.comDeclassified Vietnam War Photos The Public Wasn’t Meant To Seeautooverload.com whatsapp Read This Next’A Quiet Place Part II’ Sets Pandemic Record in Debut WeekendFamily ProofHiking Gadgets: Amazon Deals Perfect For Your Next AdventureFamily ProofYoga for Beginners: 3 Different Types of Yoga You Should TryFamily ProofBack on the Rails for Summer New York to New Orleans, Savannah and MiamiFamily ProofAmazon roars for MGM’s lion, paying $8.45 billion for studio behind JamesFamily ProofIndian Spiced Vegetable Nuggets: Recipes Worth CookingFamily ProofCheese Crostini: Delicious Recipes Worth CookingFamily ProofTortilla Mango Cups: Recipes Worth CookingFamily ProofChicken Bao: Delicious Recipes Worth CookingFamily Proof whatsapp Irish banks in crunch week Sunday 26 September 2010 10:53 pm Tags: NULL Share
whatsapp whatsapp Sunday 28 November 2010 9:20 pm IRISH banks require an additional €8bn to be injected in order to meet tough new capital requirements, the country’s central bank indicated yesterday night.Allied Irish Bank, 19 per cent owned by the state, will need almost €5.3bn (£4.5bn) before March in order to achieve a core Tier 1 capital ratio of 14 per cent.Bank of Ireland, 36 per cent government owned, will require €2.2bn of capital to be injected to hit its target of 12 per cent.The Irish central bank has raised its core Tier 1 capital ratio targets, a measure of financial strength, from eight per cent. If the banks’ capital ratios dip below 10.5 per cent the government says it will inject more cash.Irish Prime Minister Brian Cowen yesterday announced €35bn of the €85bn bailout package will be used to recapitalise the stricken banks.Around €10m of this will be injected immediately.A Bank of Ireland spokesman said: “The bank intends to seek to generate the required capital through a combination of internal capital management initiatives, support from existing shareholders and other capital markets sources.”The bank is 36 per cent owned by Irish taxpayers.Around €3bn of the €7.9bn total UK contribution will go directly to prop up the Irish banking system. Tags: NULL Share Irish banks require extra €8bn to boost capital levels Show Comments ▼ More From Our Partners I blew off Adam Sandler 22 years ago — and it’s my biggest regretnypost.comPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgFlorida woman allegedly crashes children’s birthday party, rapes teennypost.comBrave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgKiller drone ‘hunted down a human target’ without being told tonypost.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.comA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.org KCS-content
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Man of the Match: Horacio AgullaAttendance: 30198 LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS TAGS: Namibia Argentina tuned up for their quarter-final with a comfortable 64-19 win over Namibia in Leicester. They ran in nine tries in total as some of their fringe players showed Daniel Hourcade what they have to offer.What’s hot:Matias Moroni: Unknown to most coming into the tournament, the versatile Moroni was the game’s best player in the first half. Hugely dangerous on his wing, he scored one and made another before half-time. Another sign of the growing depth in Argentinian rugby.Matias Moroni looked unstoppable for Argentina. Photo: Getty ImagesJuan Martin Hernandez scores again: Hernandez made his name at the 2007 World Cup helping Argentina to their historic third place. However his last try in the competition actually came all the way back in 2003. He was on the scoresheet again here though with the opening try.After a long wait Juan Martin Hernandez scored a World Cup try again. Photo: Getty Images.Ominous Pumas: All the talk ahead of France v Ireland is the prize of avoiding New Zealand in the quarter-finals. While Argentina might seem like the easier tie, they are turning into a fantastic all-round team. Don’t be surprised to see them back in the last four.Johnny Redelinghuys conversion: Ok, so he missed it, but it was great to see the veteran prop having a go with the final kick of the game. Just needs a little work on the technique!Another impressive performance from Tijuee Uanivi (top). Photo: Getty Images.Tijuee Uanivi: Before the tournament you might have been forgiven for thinking Namibia were Jacques Burger and nothing else. Uanivi has been easily their best player though, and the powerful second row will surely be picked up by a team in Europe on the back of his displays.What’s not:Two-tier refereeing: JC Greyling was sin-binned in the first half for a high tackle, clearly caused by Juan Martin Hernandez slipping as he approached him. In the second half Tinus du Plessis was binned for a far less dangerous attempt to claim a high ball than Bryan Habana last week. It’s hard enough for the smaller teams but they never get the rub of the green with the decisions either.Worry for Bosch: On the other scale of the decisions, Marcelo Bosch was rather fortunate to get just a yellow card for a tip tackle on Theuns Kotzè. He’ll now have an anxious wait to see if he’s cited. His absence would be a huge blow in the quarter-finals.STATISTICS24: The number of tackles made by Namibian flanker Wian Conradie. With Jacques Burger out he really stepped up. 56: The scarcely believable number of defenders beaten by Argentina. They were breaking through for fun in the second half.183: The number of metres run by Matias Moroni. The winger cut Namibia to shreds in the first half in particular.Argentina: Lucas Gonzalez Amorosino; Matias Moroni, Santiago Gonzalez Iglesias (Juan Imhoff 64), Juan Pablo Socino, Horacio Agulla; Juan Martin Hernandez (Marcelo Bosch 50), Martin Landajo (c) (Tomas Cubelli 52); Lucas Noguera, Julian Montoya (Agustin Creevy 69), Juan Pablo Orlandi (Ramiro Herrera 52), Guido Petti, Matias Alemanno (Juan Martin Fernandez Lobbe 60), Pablo Matera (Leonardo Senatore 49), Javier Ortega Desio, Facundo IsaTries (9): Hernandez, Moroni, Agulla, Isa, Noguera, Alemanno, Senatore, Montoya, Cubelli Cons: Gonzalez Iglesias 4, Socino 4. Pen: Gonzalez Iglesias.Yellow card: BoschNamibia: Chrysander Botha (Russell van Wyk 57); Johan Tromp, JC Greyling (Heinrich Smit 64), Johan Deysel, Conrad Marais; Theuns Kotze, Eneill Buitendag (Eugene Jantjies 64); Jaco Engels (Johnny Redelinghuys 51), Torsten van Jaarsveld (Louis van der Westhuizen 51), Johannes Coetzee (Abel de Klerk 46), Janco Venter (PJ van Lill 5), Tijuee Uanivi, Rohan Kitshoff (c), Wian Conradie, Leneve Damens (Tinus du Plessis 57)Tries: Tromp, Greyling, Jantjies. Con: Kotze 2. Yellow cards: Greyling, Du PlessisReferee: Pascal Gauzère (France) The Pumas set themselves up for next week’s quarter-final with a convincing win over Namibia in Leicester.
LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Ideally, players should consume 2g of protein per kilo of body weight when trying to bulk up – so if you weigh 100kg you need 200g of protein a day – but that doesn’t mean devouring a few huge steaks in one go. No, it has to be spread throughout the day.And after you’ve spent eight hours ‘fasting’ as you sleep, you need to replenish your stores ﬁrst thing. Players can be guilty of a few sins – for example, Morehen believes oranges have gone out of fashion, but in the winter, when colds are common, you need Vitamin C – and skipping protein is one of the biggies.Halftime: Jonny Wilkinson & Felipe Contepomi prepare orangesAnd after you’ve spent eight hours ‘fasting’ as you sleep, you need to replenish your stores ﬁrst thing. Players can be guilty of a few sins – for example, Morehen believes oranges have gone out of fashion, but in the winter, when colds are common, you need Vitamin C – and skipping protein is one of the biggies.When you have a morning gym session and so are contracting your muscles, it’s essential to consume protein beforehand to aid muscle protein synthesis and minimise degradation. We already know eggs are great, and below we give you a great frittata recipe for a hot morning meal. And if you need 20g every few hours, you can have a few of those eggs boiled, or low-fat Greek yogurt plus almonds.Of course, it’s not all about protein. Strategically planned carbs and fats provide energy sources. Morehen, from Liverpool John Moores University, wants you to “eat a rainbow a day”. ‘Greens’, like asparagus, promote gut health while ‘Reds’, like watermelon, have energy-boosting lycopene.Eggs are high in protein, but asparagus provides energy sourcesAsparagus & Bacon Frittata (serves two)You’ll need:5 medium eggs, 3 tablespoons grated Parmesan, 30ml of skimmed milk, ¼ teaspoon lemon zest, Salt and pepper to taste, 1 tablespoon olive oil, 4 slices of chopped bacon, 8 medium asparagus stalks trimmed and cut into ½-inch pieces.Baby asparagus and bacon frittataStep-by-stepWhisk the eggs, two tablespoons of the Parmesan, milk, lemon zest and salt and pepper together.Heat the oil in a pan. Add the bacon and asparagus, then cook for about four minutes or until the asparagus is tender.Reduce the heat and pour in the egg mixture, stirring gently to spread evenly. Cover the pan and cook until the bottom sets – cooking for about nine minutes.Scatter the remaining cheese on top and place under a grill until browned.Serve and enjoy! One of the most common mistakes pro rugby players make, according to rugby nutritionist James Morehen, is missing out on protein at breakfast time RememberDOPlan ahead. For example, if you’re making some fajitas the night before, double the amount you make and you have an easy meal the next dayDON’TRely on shakes and bars to make up your early protein deﬁcit. For the latest Rugby World subscription offers click here and find out how to download the digital edition here
Tagged with: Events Justgiving London marathon Research / statistics Advertisement Howard Lake | 11 February 2011 | News London marathon runners raise more on JustGiving Independent analysis has confirmed the gap in fundraising performance between JustGiving and Virgin Money Giving.Dr Catarina Figuera, Director of Executive MBA Programme and Senior Lecturer in Applied Economics at Cranfield School of Management, has analysed the online fundraising results achieved by London marathon runners on JustGiving and Virgin Money Giving in 2010. The data for the study was provided by JustGiving member charities which also used Virgin Money Giving.The study confirmed that these fundraisers raised significantly more on JustGiving than on Virgin Money’s fundraising platform Virgin Money Giving.Dr Catarina Figueira said: “The statistical analysis carried out on a sample of over 500 fundraising pages from two leading charities showed that there was a significant difference between the amounts raised by fundraisers on JustGiving and Virgin Money Giving. Essentially, the results showed that fundraisers raised more on JustGiving. On JustGiving, the page average was £1,173 and on Virgin Money Giving, the page average was £714, which is a difference of just over 60%.”Anne-Marie Huby, MD at JustGiving said: “This research confirms the day-to-day experience of our charity members. When their supporters use JustGiving they raise consistently more, because of our continued investment in usability and new fundraising tools such as our smart phone apps and close integration with Facebook. We are 100% dedicated to helping them raise more online and it makes a huge difference to our charities’ bottom line.JustGiving will conduct further comparative analyses and update the sector later in the year. -Ends-For more information please contact Sally Chambers at JustGiving on [email protected] to EditorAbout JustGiving:JustGiving (www.justgiving.com) is the UK’s largest online fundraising platform and has helped 12 million people raise £700 million for more than 9,000 charities since 2001. In 2009, JustGiving’s CEO Zarine Kharas was awarded the RSA’s Albert Medal for “democratising fundraising and technology for charities” and JustGiving was awarded the “best use of technology award” at the Sunday Times Tech Track 100 Awards.– JustGiving is the largest giving web community in the UK – more than nine times larger than Virgin Money Giving (source: Hitwise).– JustGiving offers PayPal as a donation method. One in five donations on JustGiving are made via PayPal.– Fundraisers on JustGiving can create a page in under one minute and sponsors can make a donation in less than 20 seconds– JustGiving constantly invests in new technologies and fundraising tools, including: — JustGiving iPhone and Android apps: Over 22,000 downloads. — JustGiving Facebook app: Downloaded nearly one million times. — Facebook Connect: Since integrating Facebook Connect in to the donation process, over 20% of donors have shared with their friends on Facebook that they’ve made a donation on JustGiving. For every person who has shared a link using Facebook Connect, one person has come back to JustGiving.About Catarina Figuera, Director of Executive MBA Programme and Senior Lecturer in Applied Economics at Cranfield School of Management:Dr Catarina Figueira is Director of Executive MBA Programme and Senior Lecturer in Applied Economics at Cranfield School of Management. Her research interests lie in the area of financial modelling, particularly related to international financial integration, efficiency and regulation and housing markets. Catarina has published in leading international journals and is a frequent contributor to a wide range of international conferences.About the methodology:The statistical analysis involved two steps. The first was an F-test to determine whether the variances of the two samples were unequal and in-turn determine which two-sample (independent group) t-test would be performed. The F-test indicated that the variances where un-equal and therefore a T-test that assumes un-equal variance was used. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis 33 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
Tagged with: Law / policy Management OSCR Scotland SCVO Advertisement The Scottish Council for Voluntary Organisations (SCVO) has adopted a new legal structure and become a Scottish Charitable Incorporated Organisation (SCIO). This structure allows Scottish charities to become corporate bodies, and benefit from limited liability, without being subject to company law.An SCIO is a legal entity which can enter into contracts, employ staff, incur debts, own property, sue and be sued. Designed specifically for Scottish charities, it helps simplify their regulatory reporting: unlike charities that are companies limited by guarantee, SCIOs have the Office of the Scottish Charity Regulator (OSCR) as a single regulator.According to OSCR, 1,172 charities in Scotland have registered as SCIO’s.Lucy McTernan, Deputy Chief Executive, SCVO said:“Being a charity is all about changing people’s lives for the better and there’s a lot more to that than purely meeting financial obligations. This specialised structure for charities takes this into account and means that even the smallest charity can enjoy the benefits of incorporation, including limited liability, without having to comply with company law.” 41 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 9 July 2014 | News [message_box title=”The Scottish Council for Voluntary Organisations” color=”blue”]The Scottish Council for Voluntary Organisations (SCVO) is the national body representing the interests of charities, voluntary organisations and social enterprises. The Scottish third sector turns over £4.9 billion a year and employs 138,000 people in over 45,000 organisations.[/message_box] AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis SCVO becomes a Scottish Charitable Incorporated Organisation About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
Hundreds say ‘Arrest me too’ for toppling white supremacy statue, 1,000 march next day to squelch Klan rallyA planned march by the Ku Klux Klan was shut down on Aug. 18 in Durham, N.C., by a tremendous and thoroughly multinational outpouring of the community. Upwards of a thousand people gathered downtown after the news of the KKK’s planned march broke earlier that morning.On Aug. 14, a Durham demonstration against white supremacy and in solidarity with Charlottesville, Va., had heroically toppled a Confederate monument. Eight people charged with being participants were later arrested. The Klan then announced they would march at the site where the monument once stood.But because of the solidarity and overwhelming response from the local community, the Klan never showed during the day. There were reports that KKK people showed in the evening at an unannounced area, defended by the police.The Aug. 18 demonstration had the character of an uprising. For nearly seven hours, people held the streets at the site of the toppled monument. They later marched to the jail and faced off with riot cops. People burned Confederate flags, redecorated the former monument with messages such as “Death to the Klan,” and danced and celebrated this momentous victory.‘Arrest me too’The day before, on Aug. 17, in a magnificent display of solidarity, about 200 people showed up at the sheriff’s office in downtown Durham. Scores of them volunteered to “confess” to helping topple the statue on Aug. 14. Progressive sportswriter and political analyst David Zirin tweeted that this was a “I am Spartacus,” moment, referring to the film about the leader of the slave revolt in ancient Rome.In this case the group was collectively accepting responsibility for the action three days earlier. The Durham prosecutor turned down the offer and abstained from arresting the volunteers.The first person arrested because of the action was Takiyah Thompson, a student at North Carolina Central University and a member of Workers World Party Durham. On Aug. 14 Thompson had climbed up a ladder to the top of the monument and placed a rope around the neck of the statue — people on the ground took it from there. She was arrested the next day after giving a press conference after her first court appearance.Arrested at or soon after Thompson’s court appearance on Aug. 15 were Dante Strobino, Ngoc Loan Tran, and Peter Gilbert, also WWP members. By Friday, Aug. 18, Aaron Caldwell, Raul Jimenez, Elena Everett and Taylor Jun Cook had been arrested.Thompson is charged with disorderly conduct, damage to real property, participation in a riot with property damage in excess of $1,500, and inciting others to riot where there is property damage in excess of $1,500. All the defendants face similar charges and have been released with the next court date set — for all — on Sept. 12 in Durham.The big turnout on Aug. 17 of people in solidarity with those arrested and the next day for the anti-Klan march shows the extent and enthusiasm of the support for ridding the town, and the country, of racist monuments.Supporters of Thompson and the other defendants ask that youcall on the District Attorney’s office to drop all charges against Thompson and all protesters: 919-808-3010donate at to a Freedom Fighter bail/defense fund at Durhamsolidaritycenter.org/bondfundsign the petition at tinyurl.com/y9j4ya4xsupport Takiyah Thompson at venmo.com/solidarity-takiyah or paypal.me/unrulybabyhair.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
News November 11, 2020 Find out more December 26, 2019 Find out more Organisation Eleven organizations from civil society create the Forum on Information & Democracy, a structural response to information disorder Tunisia : RSF asks Tunisian president’s office to respect journalists to go further News Dictator Ben Ali’s fall from power had raised hopes that Ammar 404, the censorship system set up by the former regime, would be dismantled. But the latter might rise again from its ashes in the wake of a series of court orders on filtering, while the status of freedom of information remains precarious. March 12, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Tunisia Help by sharing this information Related documents Tunisia ARPDF – 110.7 KB Follow the news on Tunisia Read in Arabic / اقرأ التقرير بالعربية News RSF_en Forum on Information and Democracy 250 recommendations on how to stop “infodemics” TunisiaMiddle East – North Africa Fragile freedom of information worth protectingThe Arab Spring, which began in Tunisia, has brought drastic changes throughout the region. However, much remains to be done in order to protect the benefits of these revolutions, notably those involving freedoms of expression and information, specifically online. Case in point: the film “Persépolis” and the attacks on the Nessma TV station’s offices, the arrest of newspaper Attounissia’s editor for publishing the photo of a nude woman, and police assaults on journalists covering the demonstrations. While the progress in freedom is real, new red lines – outlined in the Tunisia chapter of the 2011 “Enemies of the Internet” report (acts of violence committed by the police and the army, corruption, government hurdles) – seem to be emerging. The Nawaat blog deplored the fact that justice is the new spearhead of censorship, and stressed that political censorship is shifting toward moral and religious censorship.In Medenine, lawyer Mabrouk Korchide filed three complaints against a blogger and two Tunisian citizens following their posts and comments on the rally against his nomination to the position of advisor to the governor. Blogger Riadh Sahli was charged with “defamation” on the Internet just for sharing a press release sent by the demonstrators on his page Facebook Medenine informative. Mabrouk Korchide also accused Youssef Fillali, a citizen who merely commented on this post, of “defamation.” The trial, which will be the post-Ben Ali era’s first defamation trial, scheduled for February 22, has been continued until March 14. Furthermore, the lawyer also filed a complaint against another blogger from Medenine, Marwane Athemna, for “defamation” and “distributing leaflets” attacking his reputation. The Riadh Sahli case shows that the law is mute on the subject of online media responsibility, and that setting up a Web-specific legal liability framework has become mandatory.A dangerous gap in the law?The Decree-Law No. 115 of November 2, 2011 on Freedom of the Press, Printing and Publishing will no doubt be extended to certain online content. Even though Article 1 recognizes that freedom of expression is the basis of cybercitizen protection, the Web as a whole does not fall within the law’s scope of application.As stipulated by Article 7, which uses the notion of “creating electronic information,” and Article 2, which refers to “digital works,” the decree will apply to the online media. Nevertheless, no liability framework has yet been assigned to the Internet. Such liability takes on special meaning in a context of reader comments, discussion forums, etc. The “short prescription” principle must be applied in the same way to articles published online, with the starting point being the date of the posting.Is Internet filtering coming back?The first alarm sounded in May 2011, when the Tunis Permanent Military Tribunal ordered that five pages on Facebook be censored. The Tunisian Internet Agency (ATI) decided to play the transparency card and released the list of sites concerned.On May 26, 2011, the Tunis Court of First Instance ordered ATI to block access to pornographic websites after a complaint was filed by lawyers on grounds that they were posing a threat to minors and the country’s Muslim values – a decision that ATI pledged to oppose. In June 2011, Reporters Without Borders met with ATI President Moez Chakchouk, who reaffirmed that ATI wishes to act in a neutral and transparent manner and refuses to engage in filtering. When its appeal was rejected in August 2011, ATI took its case to the highest appeal court. On February 22, 2012, the Court of Cassation overturned the judgement on the filtering of pornographic Web content and referred the case back to appeal. In the meantime, ATI has had to begin Internet filtering in compliance with the court’s decision. It has provided information about the measures taken to comply with the order and warned the public that the reactivation of filtering would cause service quality to deteriorate, mainly due to network maintenance problems. While filtering errors can be reported by email to [email protected], ATI states in its notices that it will not assume responsibility for them.However, filtering was not implemented as smoothly as expected. On February 27, 2012, Moez Chakchouk told Reporters Without Borders that “our technical services were only able to apply it for state-owned companies and public community networks. As for the five Internet service providers, all attempts resulted in serious declines in performance (Internet traffic fluidity at the transit node level).” He explained that such problems were due to “exponential growth” (+60% in 2011 vs. 2010) of the international bandwidth“ – “a growth that ATI can no longer handle for lack of the financial resources (formerly provided by the Tunisian government) needed to put the filtering system back into operation.”Reporters Without Borders denounced the potential resumption of filtering as a way of resorting to the former repressive measures and listed the technical, legal, and financial risks that this would entail, including overblocking, exorbitant costs and the privatization of censorship, which would be delegated to a technical intermediary. Reporters Without Borders is concerned about a return to Ben Ali era practices and fears that filtering of one kind of content may be a prelude to the censoring of other types of content. Widespread filtering is totally inconsistent with Internet neutrality and the freedom of expression values advocated by the Higher Authority for the Realization of Revolutionary Objectives, Political Reform, and Democratic Transition. E-governance and the growth of free software?One positive sign: according to Global Voices, is that the political class is now using, in sending out its messages to the population, the very tools that the state previously repressed: “Twitter is also the arena in which Tunisian politicians express their frustrations about their own parties’ lack of organization or the slow pace of the current government.” “Political leaders in Tunisia are eager to have more transparent relations with their electorate, and that now seems to mean making use of the social media.”The ATI has just officially launched tor.mirror.tn, a mirror of the TOR website featuring its popular circumvention and anonymity software, previously used by cyberdissidents against Ammar 404. Through TOR, Moez Chakchouk told the webdo.tn website that he “wants to encourage the use of free software platforms, as well as offer a product that guarantees better navigation security against malware scripts.” Installation of the TOR mirror site in Tunisia is a first in the Arab world, in Africa and even in Asia, according to Mr. Chakchouk. Many Internet users view this initiative as a way to measure the success of the Tunisian Revolution, which in the past was an arena for censorship software tests. Future of the Tunisian Internet: Projects and debatesThe restructuring of the Tunisian Internet Agency under the auspices of the Ministry of Information and Communication Technologies is one of the items that the transition government is working on. In Moez Chakchouk’s opinion, “The ATI will be able to operate in accordance with international good practices as an Internet exchange point.” He believes that the ATI is a candidate for membership in the European Internet Exchange Association (EuroIX) that connects ISP networks and permits the exchange of Internet traffic at the European level.Liberalizing the Internet market is still a key objective, along with fighting against the re-emergence of filtering techniques, which should remain in the past. Including Internet access as a fundamental right in Tunisia’s new Constitution would further anchor Tunisia on a steady course leading to Internet freedom. TunisiaMiddle East – North Africa News Receive email alerts November 12, 2019 Find out more