by Emily PackerEver since William Blake declared Milton to be of the Devil’s party without knowing it, artists in all media have relied on exceptional villains to provide a creative jolt to old storylines, and add a certain measure of twisted appeal to their dramatic repertoire. In the world of film, where directors have visual as well as verbal means at hand, some villains become so iconic as to eclipse not only their virtuous opponents, but the movies in which they appear altogether.The villains that linger longest in the public consciousness – Dracula, Frankenstein, even the Joker – are not so much men as magnificent monsters. They hover before us not as human beings but as collections of visual cues or as personifications of a horrible ideal. For instance, Darth Vader, that hoary old devil of science fiction, once petrified audiences with no more than a face-masking helmet and an unnatural union of man and machine. So famous are Vader’s voice and appearance that his past and his eventual redemption are almost beside the point; when we think of Star Wars’ most famous villain, we think not of his rather hackneyed character-arc but of the heavy breathing, the easily-parodied catchphrases and the inability to retain qualified subordinates. Yet however enduring these eminent monsters, portraying them in film is often a thankless job; think only of how many tired jokes James Earl Jones must have to endure in the queue at the supermarket. Assignments in villainy that yield more productive careers – and Oscars – tend to be of a more subtle sort; evil that is equally foreign and implacable, but hidden behind an unlikely face. One such face is that of Louise Fletcher’s Nurse Ratched in a much-lauded adaptation of Ken Kesey’s One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest. In Kesey’s novel, the author’s misogyny flexes itself in a portrayal of mental-hospital warden as lurid, emasculating witch. But the film departs from the book in the inspired casting of an actress who is girlishly plump, superlatively average: exactly the sort of mild, beleaguered professional whom you’d expect to find in the whitewashed halls of a sterile ward. When she halts the rebellious hero in his tracks with a rebuff in that bland, serenely infantilising coo, we perceive just as he does that he is up against an institution incarnate; an ethos of control unassailable by mortal man. Under the aegis of a Czech director, Nurse Ratched becomes not only a single power-mad official but a symbol for the social oppression perpetrated by Communism and all systems like it. The Nurse belongs, in that capacity, to another popular category of adversary: villain as social diagnosis, bringing to life the disturbing extremes beneath a familiar cultural or national cliché. In American Psycho, Christian Bale, trimmed and buffed to a gym-bland perfection, plays Patrick Bateman, a Wall Street shark so consumed by the quest for money and status that he murders a colleague who one-ups him with a supremely elegant new business card. “Look at that subtle off-white coloring. The tasteful thickness of it,” deadpans Bale, the very voice of helpless envy. “Oh, my God. It even has a watermark.” Bale’s performance transforms a lone psychopath into a rather hilarious satire on a culture that pursues the most exclusive dinner reservations, office stationery, and – at least in this instance – thrill kills simply to escape ennui.Yet however compelling a Vader or a Ratched or a Bateman, they are ultimately the object of our gaze rather than the agent of it; we marvel at them, but we do not inhabit them. It takes a more recognisably human villain to submerge the viewer in the mind of a fiend. For instance, Anthony Minghella’s The Talented Mr. Ripley plays deftly with the viewer’s social instincts by exploring how old class resentments can curdle into murderous rage in the psyche of a scrawny everyman. Mistaken by a shipping magnate for a college friend of his son’s, restroom attendant Tom Ripley lies his way into an all-expenses-paid vacation to Italy to reclaim the errant scion. Having met his quarry and succumbed by slow degrees to obsessive jealousy, Ripley brutally murders the dissolute heir on his boat. Yet as Minghella again and again contrasts our weedy villain with his rich, handsome, leisured counterpart, he summons the latent sympathies of the nerdy, ostracized young exile inside all of us, and we are left with the furtive feeling that the golden playboy perhaps got what he deserved. A villain of the Ripley sort often becomes the film’s most sympathetic protagonist, because he is an outcast in a world of glittering insiders, a man with whom we can easily, though reluctantly, identify. It is very easy to see oneself as a Salieri, for instance, but much less so to imagine oneself a Mozart – so our affinities are at once with the thwarted and scheming mediocrity, not the giggling, filthy-minded imp blessed by the gods.The Ripleys and Salieris of the world of film are, to me, its most frightening villains. Very few of us will ever have to reckon with Dracula or Leatherface in a dark alley, but each of us might become the prey of a resentful rival, or be tricked by these same vengeful victims into unwilling empathy. The most memorable villainy is in the end that which is closest to home: the dangerous gleam in a neighbour’s eye, the flickering shadow at the end of a dark lane, or the suspicion that even you, in a certain set of circumstances, could somehow find yourself as the black hat.
FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail Here in Evansville, a young man named Mason died several days after being found unresponsive at his home. According to his parents, he played the “choking game” where kids are challenged to experience the feeling of suffocation.I have spoken with Mason’s parents about their son, and I want to help them share his story so we can prevent this from happening to other kids. Kids often don’t realize just how dangerous these “games” are until it’s too late.Parents need to be aware of the irreversible consequences of some social media challenges in order to help stop preventable tragedies like this from occurring.Some videos and posts across social media outlets like YouTube and Facebook glorify reckless behavior as entertainment. That’s why parents and mentors need to educate vulnerable young Hoosiers about the dangers. I am committed to sharing #Mason’sMessage, and I ask you to click here to like his Facebook page and join in keeping our children safe from the negative aspects of social media. As a school principal, I am increasingly concerned about the dangers of social media and online games present to our children.
Bakery supplier Bako London has revealed it is overhauling its business, to make it more competitive on price, service, availability and range. The £20m turnover regional wholesaler, which serves 2,000 customers in the south east, plans to boost its buying power, focusing on markets which do not compete with its core bakery business, chairman Stuart Earl told British Baker. He said: “We are adding products to our foodservice range – targeting public bodies such as schools and prisons. We are looking at new areas of business we can trade in to make sure our prices remain competitive.”The news follows recent investment by Bako London in logistics, computer systems and staff training and upgrading its premises. It has bought a £2m delivery fleet of 16 temperature controlled vehicles. And a night shift has been introduced to boost efficiency. Some £80,000 has been spent on introducing mechanical handling at its warehouse in Wimbledon. And computer systems have been upgraded, allowing timed deliveries. Bako London also now boasts Investors in People and EFSIS accreditation. Chief executive Andrew Price, who was brought in to manage the changes 18 months ago, revealed last month’s sales growth was 8% exceeding targets by 3.5%. He said: “It’s a million and one things we are doing, analysing and pulling together and making things happen.” Bako London is one of five regional co-ops in the £100m Bako group. Other regions are also developing foodservice business, purchasing and marketing executive Keith Miller told British Baker.
In the spring, the U.S. Supreme Court saved a trio of critical rulings involving same-sex marriage, voting rights, and affirmative action for the final days of its term, and the repercussions from those decisions are still playing out.During a luncheon discussion Thursday at Harvard Law School (HLS) moderated by Dean Martha Minow, four of the School’s constitutional experts deconstructed the decisions and offered the student crowd their thoughts on those rulings.“It was a good term for the Red Sox, a bad term for the Yankees, and a so-so term for gay marriage,” said Kirkland & Ellis Professor of Law Michael Klarman, referring (in addition to baseball’s summer) to both the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) that was overturned by the court, thereby allowing same-sex married couples access to federal benefits, and the court’s decision to hand the California case banning same-sex marriage back to the U.S. Court of Appeals for further ruling.“I think the majority is ducking,” said Klarman of the California case in which the court decided that the proponents of a ban on same-sex marriage, known as Proposition 8, did not have the legal right to defend the law in federal courts. “I think the reason why they are ducking is because they are concerned about the possible backlash effect of a decision imposing same-sex marriage on the states.”The California decision “isn’t a huge loss” for the gay rights movement, said Klarman, the author of “From the Closet to the Altar: Courts, Backlash, and the Struggle for Same-Sex Marriage.” He cited national polls that say a majority of Americans now consider same-sex marriage inevitable, and he referenced the work of prediction guru Nate Silver, whose recent statistical model suggests that in three years 31 states will have a voting majority in support of gay marriage. By 2020, that voting majority will be the norm in every state except for six in the Deep South, according to Silver.“It’s not a big victory for the gay rights movement that the court ducked,” Klarman said, “but I don’t think it’s a big defeat either. Gay marriage is inevitable. I think people are recognizing that.”While Beneficial Professor of Law Charles Fried said he had always believed the court’s decisions were “determined by the force of legal argument,” he thought the rulings in both the DOMA and Proposition 8 cases were driven instead by the nation’s shifting stance on gay marriage.Fried described Associate Justice Anthony M. Kennedy’s majority opinion in the DOMA ruling as a case of “the more you explain it, the less I understand it.”“It had this absolute, full-throated aria about dignity, and the dignity of gay couples … but he did not emit an opinion which unqualifiedly, unreservedly would mean that to preclude gay marriage anywhere, in any jurisdiction, would be unconstitutional. He had this complicated view about how it was a denial of dignity, which the state has conferred, suggesting that if the state has not conferred this dignity, the dignity has not been denied.”The court’s move to send the Proposition 8 case back to the lower courts shocked Fried.“I would have thought that the [argument] for saying that case was properly there, and there was jurisdiction, was stronger in Prop 8 than in DOMA. However, it went the other way, and the two cases lined up exactly as public opinion would have wanted.”While Kennedy’s DOMA opinion was “incredibly progressive,” it was also conservative in an important way, said Justin Driver, Sullivan & Cromwell Visiting Assistant Professor of Law for the fall term. “It elevates marriage to the pinnacle of society … at a time when marriage is being moved away from by many citizens. People of all different races are deciding that marriage is effectively not for them.”In reviewing Fisher v. the University of Texas at Austin, the case involving the constitutionality of race in university admissions, Tomiko Brown-Nagin, the Daniel P.S. Paul Professor of Constitutional Law, said the decision to have a federal court of appeals take a harder look at affirmative-action policies in public colleges and universities puts those institutions “on the defensive as never before.”That the court agreed to hear the case surprised many observers and seemed to signal its readiness to narrow or even overrule previous decisions upholding affirmative-action programs in university admissions, said Brown-Nagin. Its subsequent ruling requiring the lower courts to use a tougher review process for admissions programs indicates “the court is suggesting, subtly, a preference for the race-neutral alternatives and its disfavor of explicitly race-conscious, holistic review.”“There was no … radical doctrinal change. But nevertheless, the court is nudging the law in a different direction,” said Brown-Nagin. The long-term impact, she added, is a “whittling away of affirmative action in higher education.”The court also invalidated a key section of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. In discussing that case, Klarman called the original law one of the “crown jewels of the Civil Rights Movement.” It was enacted, he said, to counter massive disenfranchisement of African-Americans in the South.Klarman said the complicated issue in the recent case was preclearance provisions — the geographic formula that determined which jurisdictions required approval from the U.S. Justice Department or a federal court before they could change their voting laws. The preclearance formula, he said, was based on voting numbers from the 1964 presidential election, and was aimed at jurisdictions that had a voting literacy test and a voter turnout of less than 50 percent.“Preclearance was an extraordinary remedy that Congress used in 1965 to address this extraordinary problem of almost universal black disenfranchisement in the rural, Deep South,” he said.The act was renewed in 1970, 1975, 1982, and in 2006, but the coverage formula never changed. With its 5–4 decision, the court was saying “times have changed,” said Klarman. The court was sending the message that “if Congress wants to continue with this extra imposition on what it says is state sovereignty … you can’t do it based on a rule that you adopted almost 50 years ago. You have to come up with a geographic coverage formula that’s not geared to voter turnout in 1964. It has to be geared to some sort of problem today.”
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Nketiah has two goals in two appearances for Leeds (Picture: Getty)Eddie Nketiah made the perfect start to life at Elland Road as he came off the bench to score a dramatic winner for Leeds against Brentford in the Championship.The Arsenal loanee found himself among the substitutes again despite scoring on his debut in the EFL Cup, but came on in 77th minute with Leeds chasing a winner.Nketiah, 20, wasted little time in making another statement on his home debut, slotting home Helder Costa’s cross in the 81st minute.The win preserves Leeds’ 100 per cent start in the Championship and Nketiah will have been pleased to have sent another message to Arsenal boss Unai Emery.ADVERTISEMENTEddie Nketiah’s 2nd goal for Leed’s tonight! #LeedsUnited #AFC pic.twitter.com/lkuuFdzX8h— Tristan (@COYG96) August 21, 2019 Advertisement Eddie Nketiah sparks wild celebrations from Arsenal legend Ian Wright with dramatic winner for Leeds Coral BarryWednesday 21 Aug 2019 11:33 pmShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link2.7kShares Comment Arsenal legend Wright was in the crowd supporting Nketiah (Picture: Getty)‘When one striker scores with very few minutes, you cannot say a lot of things about this.’Arsenal legend Ian Wright was in the crowd for the game and Nketiah’s goal sparked wild celebrations from the former Gunner.The 1-0 victory fires Leeds to the top of the Championship table, ahead of Swansea City on goal difference after four games.MORE: Mesut Ozil trains ahead of Arsenal’s clash with LiverpoolMore: FootballRio Ferdinand urges Ole Gunnar Solskjaer to drop Manchester United starChelsea defender Fikayo Tomori reveals why he made U-turn over transfer deadline day moveMikel Arteta rates Thomas Partey’s chances of making his Arsenal debut vs Man City Nketiah scored the winner with nine minutes left (Picture: Getty)Arsenal shipped Nketiah out on his first loan spell away from the club and the centre-forward has made an electric start at Leeds.AdvertisementAdvertisementWith Leeds gunning for promotion this season after narrowly missing out last term, head coach Marcelo Bielsa praised the impact of Nketiah.‘Of course, when the fans support the players it is something which can stimulate and have an impact,’ he said about Nketiah.Eddie Eddie!!!!!!!!! ♥️ pic.twitter.com/pTssK678Fq— Ian Wright (@IanWright0) August 21, 2019 Advertisement
135 Crosby Rd, HamiltonMore from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this home2 hours agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investor2 hours agoTHIS renovated workers cottage at Hamilton has city views and plenty of potential.The home at 135 Crosby Rd, is scheduled for auction on September 2. It has an open-plan kitchen and living room and rear deck, as well as three bedrooms with ceiling fans and airconditioning.Two of these bedrooms have built-in wardrobes and share a bathroom with a claw foot tub, with one opening to a front veranda. The main bedroom has an ensuite with access to the rear deck. Other features of the house include polished timber floors, gas cooking and hot water, a rainwater tank, new aluminium sash windows to all bedrooms and the kitchen, a tool shed and a lower-level powder room and laundry. The main bathroom has a claw foot bath tub.
LocalNews Covent High School honors Speaker of the House of Assembly by: – November 25, 2011 Share Sharing is caring! 57 Views no discussions Share Share Tweet Mrs Alix Boyd Knights, Speaker of the House of AssemblyThe Convent High School has honored Dominica’s Speaker of the House of Assembly Alix Boyd-Knights.Mrs Boyd-Knights was honored this week as part of the annual celebration of the Fest of St. Cecilia.“It was a trip down memory lane. Entering the Convent High School at that hour of the morning, seeing the students there and meeting the teachers was really a nostalgic trip. Being awarded and recognized by the students in such a way was very momentous. Boyd-Knights stressed to the students that they should honor the talents given to them by God.She said “I told them that their talents are their gifts from God and what they do with them is their gift to God. I explained to them that given the fact that life is a learning experience, one of the key things they need to recognize is what their talents are so that they could use it to their best advantage throughout their lives and give back to God. I felt warm and very much at home” she explained.The Speaker of the House of Assembly is a former student of the Convent High School and says that she has been “on a high”, ever since the prestigious recognition. Dominica Vibes News